This paper attempts to provide an overview of the techniques and system requirements of Interactive Computer Graphics. Some aspects of PHIGS are discussed in this paper, insofar as its functionality relates to common needs in CAD. The problem of jagged edges technically occurs due to distortion of the image when scan conversion is done with sampling at a low frequency, which is also known as Undersampling. @article{osti_5654326, title = {Computer graphics: Programmers's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System (PHIGS). • Programmer’s Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System! Category: Software standard. PHIGS remains to be widely used in … *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Subcategory: Graphics. The Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System (PHIGS) is a graphics system currently being developed through the ISO standards process. The aliasing effect is the appearance of jagged edges or “jaggies” in a rasterized image (an image rendered using pixels). Work on a Metafile standard for the storage and transfer of picture description information was approved in 1983, and ISO approved the Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) standard in 1987 as ISO 8632. Computer graphics relies heavily on standard software packages. i).Computer Graphics name itself says that making Graphics (Visual presentations of data) using computer, and displayed on the Output device (monitor) of a computer. (Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics Standard) A graphics system and language used to create 2D and 3D images. A descendant of GKS was PHIGS . The OpenGL (open graphics library) specifies a standard set of graphics routines that may be implemented in computer programming languages such as C or Java. Discussions on the limitations of PHIGS in the area of rendering (output primitives) resulted in the recommendation and adoption of PHIGS+ in 1989. Computer Graphics is the creation of pictures with the help of a computer. Antialiasing is a technique used in computer graphics to remove the aliasing effect. In computer graphics, two or three-dimensional pictures can be created that are used for research. Phigs and Phigs+: An Introduction to 3-D Computer Graphics It is also the underlying API defining the Computer Graphics Metafile. Language bindings (Part 3. It was claimed to be the best and final answer for creating computer graphics across all computing platforms. ii).Using Computer Graphics one can notice Group of Images (or) Image (or) videos on Computer Monitor screens. During the 1990's OpenGL became a more popular 3D API for professionals, and it still is today. In the 1980’s the ISO (International Organization for Standardization) attempted to create a standard computer graphics library called PHIGS. PHIGS is an API standard for rendering 3D computer graphics. The end product of the computer graphics is a picture it may be a business graph, drawing, and engineering. PHIGS (programmer’s hierarchical interactive graphics system) is another set of graphics routines. Finally, some outstanding problems in the area of graphics standards are mentioned. Ada). A Structure in PHIGS is a sequence of elements - primitives, appearance attributes, transformation matrices, and invocations of subordinate structures - whose purpose is to define a coherent geometric object. One popular application based on an implementation of GKS is the GR Framework, [7] a C library for high-performance scientific visualization that has become a common plotting backend among Julia users. It then discusses in more detail the proposed international standard PHIGS: The Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics System. Phigs and Phigs+: An Introduction to 3-D Computer Graphics [Unknown, Author] on Amazon.com. On Computer Monitor screens common needs in CAD Monitor screens it was claimed to be the best final. 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