There are four generally accepted categories of fall protection: fall elimination, fall prevention, fall arrest and administrative controls. Functional Systems of Fall Protection 1. Fall restraint is a system and/or program that is in between fall prevention and fall protection. Categories of Fall Protection All active fall protection for the construction industry falls into four basic categories: fall arrest, positioning, suspension, and retrieval. Guardrails Safety Nets Covers 5. Finally, we arrive at the most commonly thought of application for fall protection equipment, which we find is the second least preferred option! Section 4 goes into greater detail, listing typical components for various work scenarios and applications. Personal Protective Equipment is defined in the Regulations as ‘all equipment (including clothing affording protection against the weather) which is intended to be worn or held by a person at work and which protects him against one or more risks to his health or safety’ e.g. Safety nets, for example, can be used to decrease fall risk and exposure where the distance is greater than 25 feet and temporary floors or scaffolding are not in place. The basic types are guardrails, travel-restraint, fall-restriction, fall-arrest, and control zones. All active fall protection systems share the common feature of securing a harnessed worker to an anchorage point with a lanyard. Administrative controls are preventive measures taken to reduce the likelihood of a fall. Identify methods of fall prevention as well as types of fall protection and their basic components. Both Fall Restraint and Fall Arrest systems are Personal Fall Protection Systems and they must be designed to a Fall Arrest standard. It must be noted that administrative controls are the least preferred method of protection because they do not provide a physical or positive means of protection. Fall protection systems are necessary if the worker is required to work from an elevated position that has the risk of causing injury by falling. Fall restraint. Active Fall Restraint 4. Find out more about the different forms of fall protection. It is this area of fall protection where I personally have encountered the greatest confusion, along with the general requirements of fall protection. The 4 types of PPE are head, eye, hearing and body protection. Section 6 details how to inspect the components of a fall protection system. Here are some basic explanations and links to each set of standards. For information on fall protection for scaffolds and lifts see: Appendix A (chart describing fall protection for various types of scaffolds and related equipment) Safety and Health Topics - Scaffolding. There are four methods of fall arrest, according to OSHA. In the method statement , you identify the method of access- ladders, scaffolding, MEWP or rope access. Active Fall Arrest 5. Scaffolding eTool. Equipment configured to catch the worker in the event of a fall. When developing a fall protection plan, the first step will be to draft a method statement. This is because arresting a fall exposes the worker to significant and sometimes painful forces. Fall protection has historically been a top 10 OSHA citation and falls are a leading cause of fatalities in the construction industry. Another area of concern is providing fall protection when the methods mentioned in the standard (personal fall arrest, guardrails, safety nets) aren't feasible. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSP) Z359, Fall Protection Code, has identified a hierarchy of fall protection controls, from most effective to least effective.The hierarchy includes: Elimination.Removing the need to work at an elevated height above the working surface such as using an extension pole to replace light bulbs. If the worker is working beyond 6 feet or more above the ground, fall protection systems should be implemented. The lanyard is typically a fixed length that does not extend past the fall edge and it effectively acts like a leash preventing a fall arrest situation from occurring. A sleeve connects the worker to the system and locks onto the cable in the event of a fall… Section 3 describes the components of a personal fall protection system. A fall arrest system prevents a falling worker from hitting the ground or any object below. There are two types of active fall protection systems, fall restraint and fall arrest systems. Identify fall hazards and when fall protection is needed. Passive Fall Protection 3. For those of us who work at-height there are two broad categories of lanyards with a total of four different types of lanyards, each of which is part of your fall protection system and might consist of a fall arrest lanyard, work positioning lanyard, fall restraint lanyard or fall restriction device. Personal Protective Equipment is part of a fall arrest system; a personal fall protection system which prevents the user from colliding with the ground, structure, or any other obstacle during a free fall and limits the impact force on the body of the user during fall arrest. 4 Types Of Fall Protection Systems When it comes working at heights, even the best height-access equipment can’t keep workers from using other safety systems. Fall Protection. Depending on the setting, several different types of fall protection equipment may be in use at the same time. Recognize and discuss good work practices based on OSHA guidelinesand describe the primary components of an OSHA compliant fall protection program. A Guide to Scaffold Use in the Construction Industry, OSHA 3150 (revised 2002); 29 CFR 1926.452(j)(3)&(4) If the fall detection sensor records a fall, it will automatically place a call for help. PPE stands for Personal Protective Equipment. • Deadline for Training is May 17, 2017 • The final rule adds requirements that employers ensure workers who use personal fall protection and work in other specified high hazard situations are trained, and retrained as necessary, about fall and equipment hazards, including fall protection systems. This is where Automatic Fall Detection fall alert systems come in. A permanent vertical fall protection system for often accessed structures such as ladders, towers or tanks that allows the worker to move up and down the entire height of the system. Elimination or Substitution 2. Fall prevention methods, such as guardrails, warning lines, controlled access zones, and safety monitoring systems. Fall restraint systems restrict the movement of the worker in reaching the fall edge. A fall protection plan is a safety plan for workers who will be at elevated work areas. From there you can identify the type of equipment needed such as harness, and what type of harness. 4. Fall protection is achieved by different methods. Fall arrest is the form of fall protection which involves the safe stopping of a person already falling. There is the possibility that when your loved one falls, they may be unable to press their medical alert button to call for help. Fall protection—Basic types A fall arrest system must also be worn when workers are: • On a rolling scaffold that is being moved • Getting on, working from, or getting off a suspended platform, suspended scaffold, or bosun’s chair. There are also other specialised types that don’t neatly fall into the 4 categories. Whenever possible, the best fall protection strategy is to eliminate fall hazards altogether. It consists More immediately, to the point of this article, it spells out a version of the hierarchy of controls for fall prevention/protection that looks like this: 1. Methods used to reduce the chance of a fall occurring or lessen the severity of the injury that a fall may cause. For example, in some parts, barricades are used to achieve fall protection, in other cases, a personal fall arrest system is used by workers, which is a combination of a lanyard, anchorage, full body harness and a deceleration device. For example, an individual may wear a safety harness while being suspended on scaffolding that includes a safety rail as part of the safety measures. We provide a vast selection of American-made, OSHA-compliant fall protection equipment, including custom safety gates, to perfectly fit your individual safety needs. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations require employers to provide fall protection for workers in any General Industry setting where a worker may fall 4 feet or more to a lower level. In fact, one in four seniors aged 65 and over fall each year. Having a detailed fall protection plan is essential to ensure the highest degree of worker safety.The plan aims to provide a safe working environment and to administer the use of fall protection … True 4. 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